India is a vast country which is very popular for its rich culture, graceful tradition, majestic flora and fauna, various languages and also for the self-sufficient in agricultural production. From the decades India is well known for coffee production. India contributes to about 4.5% of total coffee production in the world, ranks 6th in the world and has some really significant coffee producing states.
Coffee reached in India before the east Indian company by the India Sufi saint named “Baba Budan”. The first record of growing coffee is introduction from yeman by baba budan to the hills of chikmagalur, Karnataka in 1920.
Generally, Indian coffee grown in southern states of India under monsoon rainfall that is the reason it is also known as “Indian monsoon coffee”. In India the major coffee producing state are Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nādu, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha. The minor coffee producing states are Mizoram, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Arunachala Pradesh, assam, Tripura. Today, India plays an important role in the group of coffee producing countries.
World believes that Coffee is more than just a drink. It’s a culture, an economy, an art, a science and a passion. India exports 70 % to 80% (Germany, Russia, Spain, Belgium, Slovenia, united states, Japan, Greece, Netherlands, and France) of coffee and only 20-30 % is used domestically. India ranks 5th in the list of coffee exporting countries. India is not only exporting coffee but it also exports its rich culture and tradition with them. India produces 334,000 tons in 2020-21, with Karnataka accounting for the largest share of production that year.
Top 5 coffee producing states
Karnataka is the beautiful coffee producing state in the south western region of India. Among all the states Karnataka is the largest coffee producing state in India. Interestingly, Karnataka has more than 70% of total coffee production in India.
Surprisingly, in the last financial year Karnataka produced 2.33 Lakh Metric Tonnes of coffee, which is the highest coffee production by any state in India. In the year 2021-22, more than 34 thousand metric tons of Arabica coffee beans were produced in the Chikmagalur district in Karnataka.
The Chikmagalur region is well known for its coffee estates and is located in the south of Karnataka. Chikmagalur, Kodagu, Mysore, Shimoga and Hassan are the districts of Karnataka which play major role in coffee production in the Karnataka. Coffee needs abundant rainfall that is nearly 100-200 cm annually. The main reason for coffee production in a large quantity in Karnataka is the suitable temperature, climate and rainfall.
Kerala is the most charming coffee producing states in the southwestern tip of Indian peninsula. After Karnataka, Kerala ranked second largest producer of coffee in India. Fascinatingly, Kerala has more than 20% of total coffee production in India.
In recent year 2021-22, Kerala produced 70,570 metric tons of coffee which is the highest coffee production as compared to the last year. Whereas, in year 2020-21 69 thousand tons of Robusta and Arabica beans were produce in Kerala.
The main regions where coffee is produced in large number are Wayanad with 60200 hectares, Gavi with 67800 hectares and Nenmara with 77400 hectares area of land. Kerala produces two major strains termed Robusta and Arabica.
Coffee production requires some favourable weather condition. Kerala has very favourable climatic condition along with a fairly dry spell of 70 to 90 days that makes it an ideal place to grow coffee. A special feature of the coffee plantation in Kerala is that the coffee plants are grown under the shade of tall shady trees.
Tamil Nadu is traditional coffee producing state in the southern-most part of the Indian subcontinent. After Kerala, Tamil Nadu ranked third largest state for producing coffee in India. Tamil Nadu accounts for 5 % of India’s coffee bean production in India.
In fiscal year 2021, the pulney district had largest production volume of arabica Tamil Nādu of more than 7000 metric tons. Whereas, in the last year 17875 Metric Tons of Robusta coffee beans were produce in Tamil Nādu
The Pulneys district had the largest production volume of Arabica coffee in Tamil Nadu. The dominating area growing area in Tamil Nadu are Pulleys, Nilgiris, Salem, and Coimbatore. Arka Komal, Premier, Arka Suvidha, Arka Anoop, Arka Samrudhi, Arka Suman are some famous varieties of beans grown in Tamil Nādu.
Every state required specific environment condition for coffee production. Tamil Nādu has mean temperature of 70 °F which is ideal for coffee production.
Andhra Pradesh is a state of rivers in the southeastern part of the Indian subcontinent. Andhra Pradesh is not a traditional area for growing coffee. After Tamil Nādu, Andhra Pradesh ranked fourth highest coffee producing Indian state. In Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam is very well known for ‘araku coffee’.
In the financial year 2021, Andhra Pradesh produce 10,730 metric tons of coffee. In last year, Andhra Pradesh produces Arabica and Robusta Coffee. The total production was 7,425 Metric Tons. In which the production of Arabica Coffee was 7,370 Metric Tons and Robusta Coffee was 550 Metric tons respectively.
In Andhra Pradesh coffee is generally grown in the agency areas of Chintapalli, Paderu and Maredumilli of Visakhapatnam and East Godavari Districts. In the Andhra Pradesh, Paderu coves 623 hector, Chintapalli covers 1484 hector and RV Nagar cover RV covers 1903 hector of land.
Andhra Pradesh has sutiable weather condition and perfect rainfall which useful for coffee production
Odisha is a mineral rich state in the eastern part of the Indian peninsula. Unlike other state, coffee cultivation started in mid of 1958 and it results into profitable crop in Odisha. Odisha is the fifth largest coffee producing state of India.
In fiscal year 2021, Odisha produces 610 metric tons of coffee. Also, in last year Odisha produces more than 500 metric tons of coffee. The type of coffee produce in Odisha is arabica.
the main coffee producing districts in Odisha are Koraput, rayagada, Phulbani, and keonjhar. The coffee production in Odisha changes life style of various people that live in urban area, such as lots of people employed in nursery production of coffee plants, fertilizer application and processing work
The Odisha has suitable climate for coffee beans grown here, just like Arabica which is the type of coffee grown in Odisha, which need moderate temperature and high rainfall to grow.
Now this is one of the beautiful Coffee quotes for coffee lovers: –
“If You Ever Want Indian Tradition, Culture, And Joyness in A mix. Let’s Take an India Coffee and just fix”