Have you ever thought about where does your coffee comes from? or what are the different types of coffee beans available in this universe?
The coffee drink loved by a great many individuals around the planet results from broiled seeds of trees having a place with the organic family Rubiaceae, variety Coffee. Espresso plants were found in Africa and at last spread to nations all through the world. Along with this excursion, various new cultivars have been made from chosen assortments to satisfy the requirement for plants with higher profitability, protection from sicknesses, and predominant cup quality. And over the long run, new wild assortments have been found also. That’s the reason, today, more than 100 species inside the class Coffea are indexed. These different types of coffee beans go through different processes before one can enjoy them finally.
The first coffee beans were discovered in Ethiopia, the birthplace of coffee, by a goat herder named Kaldi. He noticed his goats had gone berserk after trying some ripe coffee cherries off a tree the goats could reach. And as they say, the rest is history. Coffee has traveled all over the world and has been planted along the coffee belt. This is the region of the world where the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn lie, just a few degrees north and south of the equator. This is also where the best coffee bean supplier sources their coffee.
Though there is a huge range of types of coffee beans, we’ll introduce you to the ones that are most common and consumed across the globe. Read through this and make sure you pick the right type of coffee beans or processed coffee next time you visit the supermarket.
Types of Coffee Beans
There are four major types of coffee beans:
Arabica coffee is a kind of coffee produced using the beans of the Coffea arabica plant. Arabica started in the southwestern high countries of Ethiopia and is the most known of all of the types of coffee beans around the world. This makes up to 60% or a greater amount of coffee creation on the planet. This type of coffee bean is very famous in the western coffee culture.
Arabica coffee fills best in heat and humidities around the equator. It leans towards temperatures somewhere in the range of 15°C and 24°C (59°F and 75°F) and likes to be filled in the shade. Probably the best coffee comes from South America and Africa.
Arabica trees are by and large simple to focus on as they are moderately little and simple to prune. They are typically no taller than 6′. Their little height likewise makes gathering less complex. Greater Arabica beans have a splendid body, have a fantastic measure of corrosiveness, and will, in general, have a multi-layered multifaceted nature of flavors and fragrances. Arabica coffee is best tested on the front sense of taste (where pleasantness and saltiness are generally evident).
Arabica is sought after because the beans are hard enough to withstand the highest temperatures of the most intense roast. The best Italian and French roasts use Arabica because other varieties would end up in smoke. The beans in French Roast still retain their shape even if it loses about 80% of moisture. Espresso roast, meanwhile, becomes caramelly sweet after roasting and will produce the best lattes and macchiatos if Arabica is used.
The Arabicas from the African region tend to have high acidity and are great over ice. In contrast, the ones from the Americas have intriguing notes of chocolates and nuts and are great as a morning brew. Probably the most interesting Arabica is the one found in the jungles of Sumatra, and it’s the most expensive too. It’s a coffee expelled by the civet cat indigenous to the region and is prized for its earthy and herbal notes.
below is the list of the countries which produces arabica of higher quality-
- Costa Rica
- Brazil(The largest producer of arabica coffee)
Robusta coffee is a kind of coffee produced using the beans (seeds) of the Coffea canephora plant. Robusta began in central and western sub-Saharan Africa. It is the second most well-known of all of the types of coffee beans, making up 40% of the universe’s coffee creation.
It comes next just to arabica (from the Coffea arabica plant) which makes up the excess 60% (or a greater amount of) coffee creation around the world. Robusta coffee is generally filled in the Eastern Hemisphere, mostly in Africa and Indonesia.
The robusta coffee plant is a versatile little plant. It can withstand warm temperatures (30°C and over) and full sun. It develops at low heights – ocean level to 600 meters and is impervious to bugs and illness. In the wild, it develops to around ten meters tall, yet when developed for business use is pruned to a stature that makes gathering simpler, around five meters.
Robusta Coffee tastes gritty and is regularly said to have a harsh, rubbery/grain-like flavor, with a peanutty trailing sensation. Robusta coffee beans contain more caffeine and less sugar than arabica beans, and in this way taste more grounded and harsher than arabica.
The accompanying rundown is comprised of the absolute biggest makers of robusta coffee:
- Viet Nam
- Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
Coffea liberica (or Liberian espresso) is a type of blooming plant in the Rubiaceae family from which coffee is delivered. Other well-known types of coffee beans, and hugely famous in Asian countries these days.
Liberica began in Liberica, West Africa. Notwithstanding, today, it is generally developed and devoured in Southeast Asia – specifically the Philippines, Indonesia, and Malaysia. In the Philippines alone, Liberia represents over 70% of all developed espresso.
The liberica tree is far bigger than arabica and robusta trees, accomplishing statures of 18 meters (59ft), implying that the plants need more prominent dispersing. Normally prepared liberica will, in general, deliver these sensitive jackfruit notes, while washed handling brings about more citrus and flower seasons, or much more “conventional” flavor notes, similar to chocolate.
Past this current, liberica’s other remarkable flavour qualities incorporate a waiting mouthfeel and reliable pleasantness. Liberica is regularly depicted as being better than arabica. This might be on the grounds that liberica seeds are more permeable, which implies that the beans, at last, assimilate more sugars from the adhesive.
countries list with the largest production of liberica coffee-
- India (andman and Nicobar Island)
Excelsa is in fact an individual from the Liberica family, however, its species is quite particular. Like the Liberica coffee depicted above, Excelsa has filled essentially in Southeast Asia also, represents a simple 7% of the world’s coffee flow.
It was re-named as a sort of Liberica in light of the fact that it develops on huge 20-30 ft trees like Liberica at comparative elevations and has a comparable almond-like shape. It is generally utilized in mixes to give the coffee an additional increase in flavors and intricacy, better influencing the center and back sense of taste. Excelsa is said to have a tart and fruity body. These are flavors suggestive of a light meal, that additionally by one way or another has dim, roasty notes.
These are probably the most common types of coffee beans, but that does not mean that your coffee is certainly made out of only these types of coffee beans. Manufacturers and coffee tasters try new things every day to make your coffee experience better. There are other types of coffee beans that are not as common as these are, but are enjoyed within certain groups or regions.